Which States Have Driver Licensing Restrictions for Teens

Most American teens can start working toward a driver’s license around age 15. It usually involves getting a learner’s permit, completing driver's education, and doing behind-the-wheel practice driving. 

While each state has slightly different requirements, most states follow a Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) program that sets licensing restrictions for teen drivers. Here’s a complete list of licensing requirements per state. 

Why Are Restrictions Placed on Teen Drivers?

Due to their inexperience, teenager drivers are at much higher risk of being involved in a car crash, especially at night. The risk of a fatal crash for 16-19 year-old drivers is nearly three times higher than drivers aged 20 and older. 


As part of a drive to improve teen driver safety, many states have adopted a graduated driver licensing program. GDL programs follow a phased approach where restrictions are placed on newly licensed drivers on nighttime driving, cell phone use, and number of passengers. These restrictions are gradually eased until teens are eligible for full driving privileges, usually around age 18. 

States That Have Teen Driver Licensing Restrictions

Graduated Driver Licensing programs have three stages:


  • Learner’s stage: Applies to teens learning to drive and often requires taking a driver’s ed course.


  • Intermediate stage: Teens can get a provisional driver’s license that is subject to some restrictions that include limited nighttime driving and number of passengers and ban cell phone use.


  • Full privilege: Restrictions are removed, usually by age 17 or 18. 


State

Learner’s Stage

Intermediate Stage

Full Privilege

Alabama

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (0 night driving)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 6 a.m.

  • One passenger only 

Age: 17

Alaska

  • Age: 14

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (10 night driving and inclement weather)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 1 a.m to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers under 21

Age: 16.5 

Arizona

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 30 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m.

  • No more than 1 passenger under 18

Age: 16.5

Arkansas

  • Age: 14

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving 

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. to 4 a.m.

  • No more than 1 passenger under 21

Age: 18

California

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Must take driver’s ed

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving for first 12 months: 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers younger than 20 (except when accompanied by an adult 25 years or older)

Age: 18

Colorado

  • Age: 15 with completion of a 30-hour driver’s ed course; 15.5 with a 4-hour driver awareness course or 30-hour drivers ed course; 16 with no driver’s ed required.

  • Minimum duration: 12 months

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving for first 12 months: midnight to 5 a.m. unless accompanied by a licensed adult.

  • No passengers for the first 6 months. No more than one passenger for the next 6 months. .

Age: 17

Connecticut

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months without driver’s ed; 4 months with driver's ed

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (0 night driving)

  • Age: 16 years, 4 months

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers except parents or instructor for the first 6 months. No passengers except instructor or immediate family for the next 6 months. 

  • Driver’s ed is required for applicants younger than 18 and parents must attend a 2-hour course on teen driving laws.

Age: 18

Delaware

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months without driver’s ed; 4 months with driver's ed

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. unless accompanied by a licensed adult.

  • No more than 1 passenger. Seatbelts are a must. 

  • Driver’s ed required for teens under 18

Age: 17

District of Columbia 

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours 

  • Age: 16.5

  • Supervised driving: 10 hours nighttime 

  • September to June, (Sun-Thurs): 11 p.m. - 6 a.m.. (Fri-Sat): midnight - 6 a.m.
    July to August: midnight - 6 a.m.

  • No passengers for the first 6 months unless accompanied by a 21-year old driver. Thereafter, no more than 2 passengers under 21.

Age: 18

Florida

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 12 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Must complete a 4-hour Traffic Law and Substance Abuse Education (TLSAE) course.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m. (age 16) and 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. (age 17).

  • No passenger restrictions.

Age: 18

Georgia

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 12 months 

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (6 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers for the first 6 months. No more than 1 passenger under 21 for the second 6 months. Thereafter, no more than 3 passengers under 21, except family.

Age: 18

Hawaii

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m to 5 a.m. 

  • No more than 1 passenger under 18, except family.

  • Driver’s ed is required if under 18.

Age: 17

Idaho

  • Age: 14.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 15

  • Prohibited driving: sunset to sunrise

  • No more than one passenger under age 17 for the first 6 months. 

  • Driver’s ed is required if under 17. 

Age: 17


Illinois

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 9 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. - 6 a.m (Sun-Thurs) and 11 p.m. - 6 a.m. (Fri-Sat).

  • No more than one passenger under 20 for the first 12 months, except family.

  • Teens aged 18-20 who did not take driver's ed in school must complete a 6-hour adult driver education course.

Age: 18


Indiana

  • Age: 15 with driver's ed; 16 without driver's ed.

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16 years, 3 months with driver's ed. 16 years, 9 months without driver's ed.

  • Prohibited driving: 10 p.m. - 5 a.m. (first 180 days). After 180 days: 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. (Sun-Thurs); 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. (Fri-Sat).

  • No passengers for the first 180 days, unless accompanied by a 25-year old driver.

Age: 21

Iowa

  • Age: 14

  • Minimum duration: 12 months 

  • Supervised driving: 20 hours

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 12:30 a.m. to 5 a.m.

  • Supervised driving: 10 (2 at night) 

  • No more than one passenger under 18 (parents may waive).

Age: 17

Kansas

  • Age: 14

  • Minimum duration: 12 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18.

  • Age: 16. At age 15, driving without supervision only to and from work or school.

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 9 p.m. to 5 a.m for first 6 months. 

  • No more than one non-sibling for the first 6 months..

Age: 16.5 years

Kentucky

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 60 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18.

  • Age: 16.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 6 a.m. 

  • No more than 1 under 20 unless supervised by instructor

Age: 17

Louisiana

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (15 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 17.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.

  • No more than 1 passenger under 21 between 6 p.m. - 5 a.m.

Age: 17

Maine

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 70 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight. to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers for the first 9 months

Age: 16 years, 9 months

Maryland

  • Age: 15 years, 9 months

  • Minimum duration: 9 months 

  • Supervised driving: 60 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16.5

  • Drivers ed required.

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight. to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers under 18 for the first 5 months

Age: 18 


Massachusetts

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (with 30 hours advanced driver training)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18

  • Age: 16.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 12:30 a.m. - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement applies 12:30 a.m. - 1 a.m. and 4 a.m. - 5 a.m.)

  • No passengers under 18 for the first 6 months

Age: 18

Michigan

  • Age: 14 years, 9 months

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m.. - 5 a.m. 

  • No passengers under 18 for the first 6 months, except siblings.

Age: 17

Minnesota

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (15 at night) or 40 hours (15 at night) if parent completes 90-minute course

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 12:30 a.m. - 5 a.m. 

  • No passengers under 18 for the first 6 months, except siblings.

Age: 18

Mississippi

  • Age: 15 (14 if enrolled in drivers ed).

  • Minimum duration: 12 months (unless 17 years or older).

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. - 6 a.m. (Sun-Thurs); 11:30 p.m. - 6 a.m. (Fri-Sat)

Age: 16.5

Missouri

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. 

  • No more than 1 passenger under 19 for the first 6 months. Thereafter, no more than 3 passengers under 19.

Age: 18

Montana

  • Age: 14.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 16.

  • Age: 15

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. 

  • No more than 1 passenger under 19 for the first 6 months. Thereafter, no more than 3 passengers under 19.

Age: 16

Nebraska

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 6 a.m.

  • No passengers under 19 for the first 6 months

Age: 17

Nevada

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18. If there is no course within 30 miles of their residence, teens must complete 100 hours behind-the-wheel with a licensed adult.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers under 18 for the first 6 months

Age: 18


New Hampshire

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 1 a.m. to 4 a.m.

  • No more than 1 passenger under 25 for the first 6 months

Age: 18

New Jersey

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Age: 17

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. to 5 a.m.

  • No more than one passenger (except dependents).

Age: 18

New Mexico

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18

  • Age: 15.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m.

  • No more than one passenger under 21 (except family).

Age: 16.5

New York

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (15 at night)

  • Age: 16.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 9 p.m. - 5 a.m. except NYC (no unsupervised driving at all times) and Long Island (limited daytime unsupervised allowed).

  • No more than one passenger under 21, except family. 

Age: 17 with driver's ed; 18 without driver's ed.

North Carolina

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 12 months 

  • Supervised driving: 60 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18. 

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 9 p.m. - 5 a.m. 

  • No more than one passenger under 21. If the passenger under 21 is family, no other non-family passengers under 21 allowed.

Age: 16.5 with driver's ed;

18 without driver’s ed. 

North Dakota

  • Age: 14

  • Minimum duration: 12 months if under 16. Six months if over 16 or until age 18 (whichever comes first). 

  • Supervised driving: 50 for drivers under 16.

  • Driver’s ed course required. 

  • Age: 16 (or 15 for a parent-requested restricted license)

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: Sunset or 9 p.m. (whichever is later) to 5 a.m. 

Age: 16

Ohio

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: Age 16 (midnight - 6 a.m.); age 17 (1 a.m. - 5 a.m.) 

  • No more than one passenger unless supervised for the first 12 months.

Age: 18


Oklahoma

  • Age: 15.5 with driver’s ed; 16 without driver’s ed. 

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. to 5 p.m.

  • No more than one passenger unless supervised by a licensed driver age 21 or older.

Age: 16.5 with driver’s ed; 17 without driver’s ed. 


Oregon

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours or 100 hours without driver’s ed.

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m. 

  • No passengers under 20 for the first 6 months. No more than 3 passengers under 20 for the next 6 months.

Age: 17

Pennsylvania

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 65 hours (10 at night and 5 in inclement weather).

  • Age: 16.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. 

  • Not more than one passenger under 18 for the first 6 months. Thereafter, no more than 3 under 18.

Age: 17 with driver's ed and 12 months free of a crash or conviction; 18 without driver's ed.

Rhode Island

  • Age: 16

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night).

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18. 

  • Age: 16.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. 

  • No more than one passenger under 21 for the first 12 months.

Age: 17.5

South Carolina

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months 

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (10 at night).

  • Driver’s ed required if under 17. 

  • Age: 15.5

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 6 p.m. - 6 a.m (EST); 8 p.m. - 6 a.m (EDT).

  • No more than 2 passengers under 21 unless to and from school

Age: 16.5

South Dakota

  • Age: 14

  • Minimum duration: 6 months without driver’s ed or 3 months without driver’s ed.

  • Age: 14 years, 6 months without driver’s ed or 14 years, 3 months with driver’s ed.

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. - 6 a.m.

Age: 16

Tennessee

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m.

  • Not more than one passenger under 21, unless it’s a family member or a supervising driver aged 21 or older.

Age: 17

Texas

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 30 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18. 

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m.

  • No more than one passenger under age 21, except family. 

Age: 18

Utah

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18. 

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m.

  • No passengers for the first 6 months. 

Age: 16.5

Vermont

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 12 months

  • Supervised driving: 40 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • No passengers for the first 3 months. For the next 3 months transporting family members is allowed.

Age: 16.5

Virginia

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 9 months

  • Supervised driving: 45 hours (15 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 19.

  • Age: 16 years, 3 months

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 4 a.m.

  • Not more than one passenger under 21 for the first 12 months. Thereafter, until age 18, no more than 3 passengers under 21.

Age: 18

Washington

  • Age: 15 (with driver’s ed) or 15.5 (without driver’s ed).

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16 

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 1 a.m. - 5 a.m.

  • No passengers under 20 for the first 6 months, except family. For the next 6 months, no more than 3 passengers under 20, except family.

Age: 18

West Virginia

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16 

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 10 p.m. - 5 a.m.

  • No passengers under 20 for the first 6 months. For the next 6 months, no more than one passenger under 20.

Age: 17

Wisconsin

  • Age: 15.5

  • Minimum duration: 6 months

  • Supervised driving: 30 hours (10 at night)

  • Driver’s ed required if under 18. 

  • Age: 16 

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: midnight to 5 a.m.

  • Not more than one passenger, except family. 

Age: 18

Wyoming

  • Age: 15

  • Minimum duration: 10 days

  • Supervised driving: 50 hours (10 at night)

  • Age: 16

  • Prohibited nighttime driving: 11 p.m. - 5 a.m.

  • Not more than one passenger under 18, except family. 

Age: 16.5 with driver’s ed; 17 without driver’s ed


Almost all states ban texting while driving and many have restrictions on cell phone use for teen drivers. For cell phone laws per state, click here.

States That Allow Online Drivers Education

Many states require teen drivers to complete a driver’s ed course. While online driver’s ed has become popular in recent years, not all states accept it. Those that do allow online driver’s ed include:


  1. California

  2. Colorado

  3. Florida

  4. Georgia

  5. Idaho

  6. Illinois

  7. Indiana

  8. Iowa

  9. Kansas

  10. Kentucky

  11. Nebraska

  12. Nevada

  13. Ohio

  14. Tennessee

  15. Texas

  16. Utah

  17. Virginia

  18. Wisconsin


Drivered.com offers state-approved driver’s ed courses in all states that allow online driver’s education. Learn more about our teen driver’s ed courses so you can satisfy your state's requirements.

Get Started with your Online Drivers Ed Course Today

Learn More


../