Supplemental Occupant Restraint Systems

Over the last few decades, vehicle manufacturers have incorporated energy absorbing designs into their vehicles such as:

  • Front ends and trunks that crush on impact and steel beams inside the doors to protect occupants in side impacts; many bumpers are now designed to absorb low impact (under 5 mph) without damage.
  • A plastic sheet between layers of windshield glass helps to protect occupants from flying broken glass.
Airbag activated
  • Padded areas on the dash and on top of the front seats to lessen the potential of head injuries.
  • Energy-absorbing steering wheel and column to protect the driver.
  • Front impact air bags—some new cars also carry side impact air bags.